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The Music Biz

The Music Biz

The History Of Online Radio

Early commercial broadcasts in the traditional radio format have been happening since the 1920s. The first live internet exclusive radio broadcast was Seattle based rock group Sky Cries Mary and took place on the 10th November 1994. It was broadcast by Starwave a digital media start up owned by Paul Allen.

During the same month, just a week later the Rolling Stones had a concert that was the “first major cyberspace multicast concert.”

Also during the same month WXYC were the first traditional radio station to announce broadcasting on the internet. WXYC had begun testing bandwidth and broadcasting in August 1994. On the same day WREK using CyberRadio1 software started streaming their beta launch and advertising of their stream did not happen until later on.

In 1995 a free download called RealAudio was released by Progressive Networks. It was reported by Time magazine that it took “advantage of the latest advances in digital compression” and delivered “AM radio-quality sound in so-called real time.” Shortly after Nullsoft and Microsoft released free downloads of audio players with streaming capabilities. More and more online radio stations started to spring up as audio player software become more readily available.

One of the earliest American 24-7 internet radio stations licensed by BMI and ASCAP was, which was created by Edward Lyman.

In the same year Europe’s first radio station to broadcast its traditional program on the internet in full was Virgin Radio in London. It was available 24 hours a day and was a live version of its FM signal.

At the end of the 1990s internet radio started to attract huge investor and media attention. In the United States in 1998 set a record in it initial public stock offering for the largest jump in price in stock offerings. The offer price was $18, whereas the opening price for shares was $68 when trading opened on the first day. This was more surprising considering that the company was losing money at the time and they themselves had stated in one of their prospectuses that they didn’t expect that tot change anytime soon. On the 20th July 1999 Yahoo bought the company for $5.7 billion.

In 1998 in Sydney, Australia NetFM’s The Vinyl Lounge (longest running internet radio show) started net casting.

After 2000 stream quality improved as bandwidth became cheaper and today most stations stream somewhere between 64 kilobits per second and 128 kilobits per second which is close to being CD quality radio.

Source by Robert Alvers

The Music Biz

UK Music Copyright Law Basics

Confused about UK Copyright law in regards to music? Well, this article is here to help you understand about UK copyright law and expel some of the myths surrounding it.

How Do I Copyright My Music?

Once you have created a piece of music it is YOUR copyright, you just have to prove the date. To do this there are several ways such as giving a copy of the track to your lawyer. You can also post the track on a CD to yourself by registered post (signed for). Make sure that you have not only made an audio recording but also include your sequencer files as they will be dated by your computer also.

Do I Have To Register With MCPS/PRS?

No. A law was passed (in the UK) so that you can chose any person/organisation to represent your music and collect royalties. You can also do it yourself, collecting all the royalties and cutting out the middle man. However, collecting royalties and making sure that people aren’t breaching your copyright can be time consuming if you become a big selling artist.

Can I Use Samples of Someone Else’s Work In My Own Tracks?

No. You must not use anyone else work, no matter how long or short the sample is. Contrary to popular belief, samples under 15 seconds are NOT allowed under current copyright law. Also, even if you mangle the sample, its still illegal. So before sampling contact the owners.

There are tracks out there that you CAN sample, such as some tracks that have been released under certain open content licenses such as Creative Commons. But make sure that its OK by reading the license first as not all open content releases are available to create derivative versions of the works.

If you think its going be too much for you to get permission, there are sample clearance agencies that can do this for you.

Can I Create Cover Versions?

Yes and No. You can create the cover version, but you cannot distribute or perform the track without getting permission first. Usually venues pay a license for Copyrighted works of MCPS/PRS members music, but unfortunately not every musician is registered with MCPS/PRS. So make sure you know who they are registered with or if they collect their own royalties.

Copying it and distributing it is illegal without a license, so again contact MCPS/PRS or the original author before doing this.

Also, the same as remixes, there are tracks out their released under Creative Commons license and you may be allowed to create cover versions of the works. But, check the license before using the track.

What Is Creative Commons License?

A Creative Commons license is used for free material, including audio, and works alongside copyright so that you can set out the terms of the copyright to suit you. see

How Do I Make It Clear My Track Is Copyright?

On every demo you send out be it via post, email or link you can put “© 2009 Your Name”. Or you can put “Copyright Control” which tells everyone that the track is copyrighted, but has no publishers yet.

Can I upload DJ Mixes I Mixed Myself?

Again, permission must be sought from the original authors of the material you are planning on using in DJ Mixes. Some websites claim to be legal to upload mixes to, but you have to be careful and check whether this is true or not. If you are unsure of the websites legality, then do not upload.

However, tracks released under the Creative Commons license CAN be used in FREE mixes you upload to the net as long as you do not make any money from the mixes. Check the Creative Commons license for full details.

Can I Add Someone Else’s Music To A Video?

Permission again must be sought to use music in your video’s. Even if you are not making any money, you still have to get permission.

Hopefully you have now gotten to grips with basic uk copyright law. If not here are the main points:

1. Copyright belongs to the creator as soon as it is created

2. If you don’t own the copyright, then you cannot use it without permission in any works

Source by Barry D Walker

The Music Biz

Major Record Labels

All people in the world are aware of the role of major record labels in the music industry. They are the ones behind recognizing an unknown talent and exposing the artist to the rest of the world. They have an important and pivotal role to play in the music industry. However, in today’s world, where everything is seen in terms of profit and losses, major record labels have deviated from their main cause of finding new talents, they have become more interested in accumulating as much wealth as possible. As an indie artist, one might find it very hard to sign a contract with any major record label. In this article, we are going to outline few of the basic things needed to draw the attention of the record companies.

As an artist you, should realize that there are millions of people around the world who are trying to get noticed by these companies, so you should not only be a novice, but also very adaptive in your approach to any major record company. You should remember that these record companies are headed by serious businessmen. They are interested in investing into a promising business opportunity and are not ready to take a risk. So as an artist, your approach should be very professional. You need to get your act together before presenting yourself to representatives of the record label companies, remember you might get one chance only to make an impression, so if you fail you might as well consider the doors of the record company closed permanently.

If you are very serious about having a contract with the major record deal company, then you should start thinking like a businessman. Your asset is your music, so sharpen your skills, your attitude and your presentation before presenting yourself in front of the company.

For more interesting facts about how a major record label works, you can visit ‘ReachFame’ Company.

Source by Paul Mileny

The Music Biz

Rap Record Labels – How to Be the Next Big Rap Star

Rap music originated by the African Americans in the early 1950’s and 60’s. It was a means of conversing especially while reciting a poem, or while singing. Soon it became a term which denoted a unique musical style which would spread throughout the world. Though rapping is the most important thing in hip hop, both the terms have separate meaning. Rapping is defined as a technique which most artists use, while hip hop refers to a genre of music, which has certain specific characters to it. If you are an artist who is good in rapping and want to showcase your rapping talent to the world, then you must consider getting a deal with a rap record label company.

There are more than 100 record companies in the US alone who are constantly trying to discover the next big rap star. So as a rap star, you have a big advantage of getting noticed by one of these companies provided your act is tight, and you have killer beats to match your lyrics. As a music artist you should also remember that there is an intense completion in today’s music industry. The fame and money which the music industry offers has made a lot of people flock to these record label companies. However, only few have the required talent to become a singer. This has put a lot of stress on the people working in the record labels, as they have to screen nearly hundreds of demo CDs day in and day out, making them almost impossible to identify a good artist from all the others.

So, if you want to get the attention of the record label, you need a new approach. Nowadays, most of the representatives listen to the demos sent by contacts or partners who they trust. It is very important to have a contact in the musical industry that might help you to launch your career.

For more innovative ways on how to approach a rap record label, please visit ‘Reach Fame’.

Source by Paul Mileny